Sequoia & King’s Canyon National Park

Sequoia & King’s Canyon National Park

by Sandra Merville Hart Sequoia National Park is the second oldest national park. It is located in the Sierra Nevada, which means “snowy mountain range” in Spanish. The California park was established in 1890. About 930,000 people visit each year to see the huge mountains, rugged foothills, canyons, caverns, and the world’s largest trees. Over 200 caves have been discovered in the parks. They are different from other caves in that these formed in marble. Mount Whitney is the tallest mountain in the contiguous United States but can’t be seen from park roads. The peaks of the Great Western Divide hide it from west side of the park. For the hearty climber, a day-long hide to the top of Alta Peak allows the hiker to see the top of Mount Whitney...

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California, The Golden State

California, The Golden State

by Sandra Merville Hart California’s nickname is The Golden State, partly because of the discovery of gold there in 1848. Golden poppies grow throughout the state every spring. San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge is another reason for California’s nickname. California’s early history Juan Cabrillo led a Spanish expedition from Mexico to the area now known as California in 1542. England’s Sir Francis Drake sailed along the coast of northern California in 1579. Neither settled there. Spanish settlements in the area began in 1769. California became a Mexican territory in 1825. Mexico ruled huge areas of the Southwest, including Texas, twenty years later. After the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War, the United States owned...

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