Crater Lake National Park

Crater Lake National Park

by Sandra Merville Hart Crater Lake National Park, established in 1902, is a picturesque lake surrounded by two-thousand foot high cliffs in the state of Oregon. This unusual lake was formed by a volcanic eruption over 7,500 years ago. At 1,943 feet deep, it is the deepest lake in the United States. The water is almost entirely rain and melted snow, making it a beautiful blue color that fills visitors with wonder. About 533 inches of snow (44 feet) fall every year at Crater Lake. The biggest snowfall was 879 inches (73 feet) in 1932-33. The snow usually melts by August. Fish were added to the lake but only two species survived: Rainbow Trout and Kokanee Salmon. Fishing is encouraged and no license is required. There is a volcano called Mt. Mazama in the park. You...

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Oregon, The Beaver State

Oregon, The Beaver State

By Sandra Merville Hart Oregon’s nickname is the Beaver State for the fur trappers who came to the area for beaver fur. There are differing ideas for where the state’s name originated. An English army officer wanted to go on an expedition to the River Ouragon in 1765. When King George II refused, he tried again 7 years later, spelling it Ourigan. Captain Jonathan Carver published a book that mentioned the River Oregon. Mapmakers used Carver’s spelling for what’s now known as the Columbia River. Another idea linking Oregon to ooligan—fish grease used by Native Americans. The early history of Oregon Robert Gray, an American sea captain, traveled to the Columbia River in 1792, bringing in the fur trade. The Tillamook tribe lived there at that time. In 1811,...

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