Connecticut, The Constitution State

Connecticut, The Constitution State

Did you know …


The first settlers who came to Connecticut were Dutch. By the 1630s, settlers from other colonies began moving to the area. In 1639, the colony of Connecticut became our fifth colony.

Eli Whitney’s cotton gin

Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. It separated the cottonseed from the cotton fiber, which helped the cotton plantation owners in the southern states. Eli and a business partner manufactured cotton gins.

Yale University student changes rugby rules

Walter Camp went to Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut from 1876 to 1882. He changed the rules of rugby. The new game became known as football.

Connecticut becomes a state

After the Revolutionary War ended, Connecticut became a state on January 9, 1788. The capital is Hartford.

The charter oak

In 1687, Sir Edmund Andros, an agent of England’s King Charles II, demanded the charters from all of the colonies. All other colonies gave them back, but Connecticut refused. Andros came to the meeting house in Hartford on October 31, demanding the charter. The meeting continued until dark, when suddenly all the candles went out.

In the darkness, Captain Wadsworth of Connecticut took the charter away and hid it in the hollow of an oak tree. Then he rushed back. When the candles were relit, the charter was gone. Andros never found it.

The great tree finally fell during a storm on August 21, 1856.


– Sandra Merville Hart


“13 Originals: Founding the American Colonies,” The Time Page, 2013/01/04

“1687 – The Charter Oak,” The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut   2013/01/26

Bellis, Mary. “History of Football,” Inventors 2013/01/26

Bellis, Mary. “The Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney,” Inventors 2013/01/26

Cheney, Lynne. Our 50 States: A Family Adventure Across America, Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers, 2006.

Gutman, Bill. The Look-It-Up Book of the 50 States, Random House, 2002.

Bellis, Mary. “The Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney,” Inventors 2013/01/26




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